Cache allows your customers to enhance their shopping experience by greatly improving page load. For example, each time a customer searches for “iphone 8” in your store, Prestashop reads the cache and displays results already computed for previous customers. So let’s say customer A looks for “iphone charger”, Prestashop will create a list of products that matches this criteria, directly from the database, and store them as a file, e.g. /cache/search/iphone-charger.xml . Then, all the following customers looking for an iphone charger will be prompted with the list coming from the XML and not from the database. This choice is made by a lot of websites because File access is most of the time faster than Database access.
In our case, customer A warmed up our cache because the cache was inexistant for the query “iphone charger”. We call this a “cache miss”. Them, when some customers search the same terms, the cache already exists, so it “hits” the cache: it’s a “cache hit”.
That being said, Prestashop uses multiple caches:
- Smarty cache: every .tpl file is compiled into a PHP file
- Symfony cache: since 1.7, Prestashop uses Symfony as its underlying framework. By default, Symfony comes with cache at different levels:
- Configuration: config, services (via YML, XML..)
- Controllers (Annotations, YML..)
- Doctrine cache:
- Entity mapping: fields-columns, table.. (via YML, Annotation..)
- XML cache: delete all XMLs in PS_ROOT_DIR.’/config/xml’
- Media cache: remove theme cache files in PS_THEME_DIR.’assets/cache/*’ and in PS_THEME_DIR.’cache/*’ and increment constants PS_CCCJS_VERSION and PS_CCCCSS_VERSION
- Classes index cache: the file class_index.php contains the path to any class you’d overwritten