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Versions used

  • OVH VPS with Ubuntu 14 http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/
  • Plesk for OVH https://www.ovh.com/fr/hebergement-plesk/ Version 17 https://docs.plesk.com/release-notes/onyx/change-log/
  • Nextcloud 15 https://docs.nextcloud.com/server/15/admin_manual/contents.html

Plesk setup

  • On https://your_address.com:8443/, Create a webspace cloud.your_address.com (lives at /var/www/vhosts/your_address.com/cloud.your_address.com/)
  • Create a webspace user cloud_user
  • SSH as admin to the webspace folder and download the .tar.bz2 archive from https://nextcloud.com/install/#instructions-server e.g. wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.11.tar.bz2
  • Untar with tar -xjf nextcloud-15.0.11.tar.bz2
  • Set owner for the root folder sudo chown plesk_user:www-data nextcloud
  • Set recursive owner for selected folders cd nextcloud && sudo chmown -R plesk_user:www-data apps config data themes updater
  • Give recursive write permissions for group sudo chmod -R g+w config data
  • Give execute permission to the occ binary: sudo chmod +x occ
  • Result:
    admin@vps666666 /var/www/vhosts/your_address.com/cloud.your_address.com/nextcloud> ll
    drwxr-xr-x 32 plesk_user psacln   4.0K Aug 18 11:34 3rdparty/
    -rw-r--r--  1 plesk_user psacln    12K Aug 18 11:34 AUTHORS
    -rw-r--r--  1 plesk_user psacln    34K Aug 18 11:34 COPYING
    drwxr-xr-x 41 plesk_user www-data 4.0K Aug 18 11:35 apps/
    drwxrwxr-x  2 plesk_user www-data 4.0K Aug 18 11:34 config/
    -rw-r--r--  1 plesk_user psacln   3.6K Aug 18 11:34 console.php
    drwxr-xr-x 19 plesk_user psacln   4.0K Aug 18 11:34 core/
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 plesk_user psacln    283 Aug 18 11:34 occ*
  • Install sudo -u plesk_user php occ maintenance:install --database

Set up Let’s encrypt challenge

  • Go to Apache & Nginx Settings
  • Set the following for Additional nginx directives:
    # Allow Let's Encrypt (URL starting with "/.well-known/acme-challenge")
    location ~ ^/.well-known/acme-challenge {
      allow all;

Nginx optimizations

# TAKEN FROM https://docs.nextcloud.com/server/12/admin_manual/installation/nginx.html

# security
location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
	deny all;
location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
	deny all;
add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15552000;

# set max upload size
fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

# Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
gzip on;
gzip_vary on;
gzip_comp_level 4;
gzip_min_length 256;
gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

Upgrade and update

  • Databases indexes “Some database indexes are missing” sudo -u cloud_user ./occ db:add-missing-indices
  • Big integer “Some columns in the database are missing a conversion to big int.” sudo -u cloud_user ./occ db:convert-filecache-bigint